Diversity Factor formula is defined by dividing the Total Maximum Demand (TMD) by the Actual Maximum Demand (AMD). Here’s the formula:
Diversity Factor = TMD / AMD
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Diversity Factor Formula with Example
To illustrate diversity Factor formula, let’s consider a residential neighborhood with three houses. The maximum demand for House A is 10 kW, for House B is 8 kW, and for House C is 12 kW.
Calculate the Total Maximum Demand (TMD) by summing up the individual maximum demands:
TMD = 10 kW + 8 kW + 12 kW = 30 kW
Determine the Actual Maximum Demand (AMD) during a specific period. Let’s say the actual maximum demand recorded for the neighborhood is 15 kW.
Apply the formula:
Diversity Factor = TMD / AMD Diversity Factor = 30 kW / 15 kW = 2
In this example, the diversity factor is 2. This means that the actual maximum demand on the system is only half of the sum of the individual maximum demands. It indicates that the houses in the neighborhood do not operate at their peak simultaneously, resulting in a lower overall demand on the system due to diversity in load usage patterns.
The diversity factor formula helps in sizing and designing the electrical infrastructure, allowing for a more efficient allocation of resources based on the expected diversity in load profiles.
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